Who Is Disqualified from Collecting No-Fault Benefits?
In addition to satisfying the entitlement requirements of Section 3105 and Section 3106, it is also important to establish that the victim is not otherwise statutorily disqualified from collecting benefits under the provisions of MCL 500.3113. This section may act to disqualify insurance benefits to an injured victim in one of three situations:
- the victim was using a vehicle he or she had taken unlawfully;
- the victim was the owner or registrant of a vehicle involved in the accident that was not insured as required by the No-Fault Act; or
- the victim was not a Michigan resident, and was occupying a vehicle not registered in Michigan and not insured by a Michigan- authorized insurer.
Unlawfully Taken Vehicles
Per MCL 500.3113(a), an individual is not permitted to collect no-fault PIP benefits if that person was injured in a vehicle that was stolen or that he or she had taken unlawfully. Historically, this category has been limited to denial of benefits for injuries sustained while riding in stolen cars.
However, in the 2012 Michigan Supreme Court decisions of Progressive v DeYoung, ____ Mich ____ (2012), and Spectrum Health v Farm Bureau, ____ Mich ____(2012) the Court further restricted this premise, determining that children who take their parent’s vehicle without permission and who are injured while “joyriding” may be denied PIP benefits.
Owners of Uninsured, Involved Vehicles
The Act is very strict with accident victims who own uninsured vehicles and are involved in an accident. Subsection 3113(b) makes clear that any person injured in a car accident without insurance is completely disqualified from recovering no-fault PIP benefits if that person was the owner or registrant of the uninsured motor vehicle that was involved in the accident.
Non-Residents Who are Not Insured Under a Michigan No-Fault Policy
Subsection 3113(c) makes clear that if the injured person “was not a resident of this state, was an occupant of a motor vehicle or motorcycle not registered in this state, and was not insured by an insurer which has filed a certification” to sell automobile insurance in this state, then that out-of-state resident is not entitled to collect Michigan No-Fault PIP Benefits.
Persons Who Intentionally Suffer Injury
Section 3105(4) of the No-Fault act specifically denies benefits to any person who’s injuries were intentionally caused by the person wishing to collect benefits. MCL 500.3105(4). In that regard, the act states that “bodily injury is accidental as to a person claiming personal protection insurance benefits unless suffered intentionally by the injured person or caused intentionally by the claimant.”